What is Percentage in Point and Lot size in Forex ?

Currency Trading is one of the new ways to earn money in modern times. A trader needs to know the complex terminologies of forex. In this article, you will learn what is Pips and Lot sizes in forex.

What is a pip in forex

What is a pip in forex?

A pip, representing the short for “percentage in point” or “price interest point,” shows a small measure of the change in a currency pair in the forex market. You can measure it in terms of the quote or underlying currency.

Pips in forex is a standardized unit and is the least amount by which a currency quote can vary.

A quick glance

In forex trading, a forex trading strategy is used to determine whether a certain currency pair should be bought or sold.

Fundamental or technical analysis can be used to develop Forex trading strategies. A currency trader’s strategy is usually based on trading signals.

  • Identify your risk
  • Determine the entry and exit point
  • Formulation of a strategy
  • Price trading forex strategy
  • Position trading strategies
  • Scalping strategy
  • Trend trading strategies
  • Hedging forex trading strategies
  • The bounce or break forex strategy
  • Range trading strategy

How much is 1 pip in forex?

It is usually $0.0001 for U.S.-dollar correlated currency pairs, which is more usually applied to as 1/100th of 1%, or one basis point.   

This standardized size helps to guard investors against huge losses. For example, if a percentage in point were ten base points, a one-pip move would cause higher volatility in currency prices.

Understanding Pips 

In foreign exchange markets, a measurement of change in a specific exchange rate is an arbitrary unit of money rate. 

It means that every time the value of one currency changes, the other currency’s corresponding unit also changes. Usually, this happens automatically as the supply and demand in the market dictate currencies’ relative values.

This situation between currencies also refers to the Percentage in Point effect. In simple terms, the more the currency’s value increases, the corresponding unit in the other currency again rises.

It may sound strange, but it makes sense if you think about the implications. If a particular currency increases in value, the exchange you conduct in that market would also increase, resulting in higher prices.

Pips in the Forex market

It brings us to how the Percentage in Point affects the Forex market. If the PIP rises, prices in the currency units will also rise. It increases profit and income for those who engage in the Forex market. And, in effect, it helps liquidity.

Lot size in Forex Trading

Factors cause changes in Pips in the forex market.

Euromarket Effect

Two forces on the Forex market cause fluctuations in its price. These forces affect the market prices, called the Fluctuations in the Price Index (FIP). The first is called the “Euromarket Effect” or the “Swap Deal Effect.”

Under the swap deal effect, the currency rates’ changes are directly related to the changes in the interbank market. This effect occurs when a bank gives a discount on a commercial loan in the UK, So it is transferred to the interbank market.

Reverse Correlated Time Price Analysis

The second force in Pips fluctuation is called “Reverse Correlated Time, Price Analysis,” or RCTPA. It applies more to the foreign exchange market, where currency’s value changes rapidly. 

In this case, the rapid changes in the exchange rates between countries affect the prices of those countries’ currencies. The percentage-in-point example for the RCPTA is quite relevant in the Forex market.

What is a lot in forex?

One of the more popular questions asked in forums is the lot sizes in forex trading. Many new forex traders want to know the answer to this question to know whether or not they need to increase their risk limits or whether it would be okay to stick with the current level. 

You are essentially buying or selling contracts in small amounts of units called “fractions” or “lots” in forex trading. A trader can purchase, for example, 100 shares of a particular company’s stock; he can also sell 100 shares of the same stock or sell zero shares, etc.

The size of each trade will affect the outcome of that trade. The larger the number of trades, the smaller the percentage of each trade that results in profit for the investor. The same principle applies to the more significant number of fraction sizes. 

If you want bananas or eggs, you must buy them in Dozens. Similarly, if you want to buy currencies, you have to buy them in lots or groups. 

To better illustrate this point, imagine a trader wanting to buy a million shares of a company’s stock. If he buys just one share at a time, this represents a small amount of investment, but if he were to buy 500 million shares, this would mean a much more significant investment.

Lot size in forex trading 

  • Standard Lot: 100,000 Units
  • Mini Lot: 10,000 Units
  • Micro Lot: 1,000 Units
  • Nano Lot: Below: 1,00 Units

Factors to decide Lots size in forex

Historical Volatility 

Its historical volatility measures the volatility of an asset. The higher the historical volatility, the higher the risk level associated with that asset and the lower the potential return. The lower the risk level, the higher the profit potential.

For example, a currency with low historical volatility can increase returns, while an asset with high historical volatility can result in potentially low returns.

The profit potential of any trading strategy is based on its ability to minimize an asset’s drawdown. A drawdown is the unfavorable effect of price changes on an investment caused by negative external variables.

A trader can minimize drawdown by limiting the duration of his open positions, maximizing his profit potential and minimizing drawdown. One way to accomplish this goal is to use a stop-loss strategy.

Stop Loss

A stop loss is a line drawn representing the maximum drawdown one is willing to tolerate. The maximum drawdown is when the asset begins to drop if no action is taken to maintain the position. Forex traders often only take on trades with a strike price of one dollar or less. 

These traders may set a lot size to allow them to be in a position to absorb volatility. Still, they do not spend the time necessary to assess the risks of holding that position realistically. As a result, they may lose a lot of money when the market begins to move against them.

When setting your lot forex, you select a limit to how much you will lose without the risk of completely unwinding your trading position. The smaller your risk, the more profit potential you will realize. 

It would be best if you also consider the risk of holding that smaller amount of currency. If the market moves against you have to liquidate all of your shares of a particular currency, liquidation is the only way to go.

In order to trade forex, you must know about the market price action strategy. It is essential since this is the core foundation of Forex trading. You must also keep yourself updated with the latest market news to know what is happening in the Forex market.

Finally, you should also develop your system, which will guide you in making predictions and making decisions based on the information you have. These will all lead you to the winning Forex trade.


Pips and Lot size in forex play a significant role in trading. A detailed and practical understanding of these components is essential to stay profitable.

After deep research, a trader needs to determine the currency pair and lot size because the amount of loss or profit will depend on these factors. The bigger the lot size bigger the profit or loss, and vice versa. So it is better to understand before investing. 

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