Pips forex 

You have heard about pips forex or pips trading while investing in currencies. But most people don’t understand the concept of pips. Let us understand this complex term with an example. 

Pips forex

What are pips in forex trading?

Pips is the short form of percentage in points or price interest points. It represents the smallest unit of price change in the forex market.

In simple words, pips forex is the unit to represent the smallest change in the value of two currencies. 

Usually, pips represent the fourth decimal digit of change in currency pair, except for the currency pairing with the Japanese Yen. In this case. Pip is the second decimal digit of change.

A quick glance

Pips is the short form of percentage in points or price interest points. It represents the smallest unit of price change in the forex market.

One pip equals one-hundredth of one percent, which means 1/100 of 1% or .0001.

Profit/Loss = Number of Pips* Value of Pip

A pipette is one-tenth of a pip. It is also known as fractional pips, used to represent fractional movements.

Understanding Pips forex

In the foreign exchange market, traders are engaged in buying and selling of currencies. Currencies are exchanged in pairs. Such as USD/GBP, CAD/AUD, EUR/JPY, etc.  The first currency is the base, and the second is the quote currency. The difference between the quote and base currency price is spread. Pip is the measuring unit of this spread. Generally, price fluctuation of currency pairs takes place in small points. In order to represent these small points, we use pips in forex trading.   One pip is equal to one basis point or one-hundredth of one percent, which means 1/100 of 1% or .0001. The smallest change in currency pair is equal to .0001. 
Factors that cause a change in Pips Forex

How to calculate pips in Forex

Have a look at this Pips Forex example to understand its concept more effectively. Suppose a trader is trading in USD/GBP currency pair. He first buys the pair at 1.1242, which means 1 USD = 1.1242.  After some time, he sold the pair at 1.1252. So he has made a profit of 10 pips. Or suppose he bought the pair at 1.1242 and sold it at 1.1232, which means he has suffered a loss of 10 pips.  Suppose the lot size is 100,000; that is a standard lot. In a standard lot, generally, 1 pips = 10$.
Profit/Loss = Number of Pips* Value of Pip Trader’s Proft/Loss = 10* 10$   So the trader’s profit or loss is 100$
Remember that the price of pips varies based on fx currency exchange rate, lot size and other variables. You can also use the Pips calculator to determine your profit or loss.
The value of pips is also represented on charts. Pips forex charts are important indicators to study the price movements of a currency pair for a particular time.  You can use these pips forex indicators to analyze the price fluctuations and predicts the pips value to invest in the right trading opportunities at the right time.

What is a Pipette?

A pipette is one-tenth of a pip. It is also known as fractional pips, used to represent fractional movements.

Pipette refers to the decimal place beyond the standard of four and two decimal to five and three decimal places used to represent currency pairs’ movements. 

For example, suppose the exchange rate of EUR/USD changes from 1.11256 to 1.11258. So it is moved by 2 pipettes.

Factors that cause a change in Pips Forex

As we have studied above, your profit and loss are calculated based on the number of pips. So it is a must to understand the factor that causes changes in Pips.

Lot Size: One of the most important factors that may affect the value of pips is lot size. There are four types of lot sizes which includes standard, mini, micro and nano lots.

Standard = 100,000 units 

Micro = 1000 units

Mini = 10,000 units 

Nano = 100 units 

Your lot size causes changes in pips value. Bigger the lot size, the bigger the pip value and vice versa. 

Currency Rate: The exchange rate is another factor that causes a change in pips value. The FX rate is the value of one currency against another. Higher the exchange rate higher the pip’s value.

Lower the exchange rate lower the pip’s value. Generally, the exchange rate of major and strong currencies is higher. That’s the reason why people usually invest in them.

Leverage: It allows the trader to invest in large positions with a small amount of capital or account balance. High leverage results in high pips, but remember, the amount of risk is also very high with leverage. 

Currency Pair: Pips forex is also changed due to the currency pair in which you are trading. The currency pair with a high exchange rate has high pips and vice versa.

Also, usually, pips are the change in the fourth decimal digit of a currency pair. However, if your currency pair has Japanese Yen, then the pip is the second decimal digit because of the low value of Yen. 

Volatility & Liquidity: It refers to how quickly the price fluctuation occurs in the market. Volatility also depends upon the type of currency pair. When there is an increase in volatility, the pips value also increases and vice versa. 

Liquidity is how quickly the asset is converted into cash or easy money withdrawal. It also affects the pips’ value, and its impact is the same as volatility. 


Forex trading is a process that involves continuous learning. Practical Knowledge of forex terminologies is necessary to understand the market and invest accordingly.  Pips forex plays a crucial role as the number of pips helps to determine your profit and loss. The higher the number of pips gained or lost, the higher the profit or loss. So understanding the concept of pips in the forex market and how it is calculated is a must for smart trading.

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Emily stan

Emily Stan is a content specialist with an impressive background in the financial field. Emily holds an MBA degree in finance from a renowned university. She has a professional experience of 10 years in the finance and economic world. Professional Background: Emily started her professional journey as a finance content writer from a growing broker's platform. In the first seven years of her career journey, she has worked with many leading brokers' platforms. For the last three years, she has been working in Market Investopedia as a content head in our research team. Expertise: Emily is known for delivering and strategizing content to help our audience in making informed trade decisions. She has an excellent professional background as a financial content lead with years of experience working in the forex and cryptocurrency market. Her market insight, analysis, blogs, articles, and many more trading resources are available on our website to guide you throughout. Key Qualities: She is behind creating successful and engaging content campaigns that truly align with our brand's goals. Her knowledge, experience, dedication, and curiosity to learn more contribute to our mission to provide financial education to everyone. She holds expertise in conducting webinars and live sessions specially designed to help traders.

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